The CFPB and payday financing: brand new agency/old issue

The CFPB and payday financing: brand new agency/old issue

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The Dodd-Frank Act of 2010 brings nonbank payday loan providers under federal legislation for the very first time. Issue of exactly how to manage the pay day loan industry creates wide range of hard challenges when it comes to newly developed customer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB). Whereas many consumer advocates would rather to ban or strictly restrict high expense payday lending activity and target unfair/abusive financing methods, the CFPB should also be mindful of the effect of legislation on credit access for low-wage, credit-constrained payday borrowers. This article highlights the policy, appropriate, and institutional problems raised during the CFPB’s decision-making procedure. The CFPB has got the possibility to significantly shift the longstanding customer protection paradigm and only real-world security of susceptible borrowers and, thus, to appreciate the hopes of this activists whom aided to carry the Bureau into presence.


If the customer Financial Protection Bureau (hereafter described as the CFPB or Bureau) launched its doorways for company in 2011, it was fortified by the support of numerous advocacy groups and three-quarters of US households (Consumers Union 2011) july. This help ended up being imperative to the agency’s creation and would eventually add highly to success in acquiring Senate approval of the director that is permanentKirsch and Mayer 2013). Customers, due to their component, looked into the Bureau for actions in keeping with the robust “cop in the beat” role that Elizabeth Warren had famously endorsed after and during the legislative campaign for the Dodd-Frank Act (DFA) in addition to CFPB (Nasiripour 2010; Warren 2011). They counted in the Bureau to make the most of the “opportunity to produce an approach that is coherent legislation” based on a deep comprehension of real-world company models and methods, borrowers, and products, across all sectors associated with the credit market (Barr 2012, 134).

This Commentary offers a selective look at the CFPB’s early work using payday lending as a case study as an initial effort to understand whether the CFPB is successfully developing such a coherent approach to regulation. Your writers think that the way in which where the CFPB addresses payday lending shall be a revealing “Rorschach” test of this Bureau’s view of their part in public areas policy. We start by presenting visitors to controversies when you look at the policy debate over appropriate regulatory actions in forex trading, provide an analysis of options the Bureau will face, then think about the implications of these alternatives for customers and also for the agency it self.


Pay day loans, it was asserted, lie at “the center of debates about ‘alternative’ financial loans” (Mann 2013, 1). Starting in the late 1980s or early 1990s, the payday lending industry exploded as a supply of little, short-term credit for those who have a paycheck, a impairment check, or other constant way to obtain funds–predominantly the “working poor” (Mayer 2010). (A post-dated check is typically provided as security for pay day loans.) Starting as storefront outlets, payday loan providers expanded from a reported 200 nonbank loan workplaces into the early 1990s to almost 24,000 by the mid-2000s.

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